|Description||King Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda, became acquainted with Messel while King Mutesa was studying at Cambridge. In 1953, the Lukiiko (parliament) of Buganda sought independence from Uganda following fears that the British government wished to combine Uganda, Kenya and Tanganyika into a federation that would curtail Buganda's independence. In response, the British Governor of Uganda, Sir Andrew Cohen organised the depostion and exile of the Kabaka. As a friend of the Kabaka's, Oliver Messel mobilised his position and social connections to aid the campaign for the Kabaka's reinstatement, which occurred in October 1955. Oliver Messel and Vagn Riis-Hansen travelled to Buganda to witness the Kabaka's reinstatement. In 1964, Uganda gained independence from Britain and Buganda became a semi-autonomous part of a new Ugandan federation, with King Mutesa holding the post of the first non-executive President, although by 1966 his relationship with Milton Obote, the federal Prime Minister of Uganda had collapsed. In Febuary 1966 Obote deposed the Kabaka by declaring himself President of Uganda and in May he authorised an armed attack on the Kabaka's palace, sending King Mutesa into exile in Britain. In 1967, a new constitution abolished all of the kingdoms of Uganda, including Buganda. |
The series contains material relating to Oliver Messel's involvement with the Kabaka of Buganda and his affairs. It contains books of press cuttings relating to the situation in Buganda, the deposition and exile of the Kabaka as well as the response to the exile. It also contains copies of correspondence Messel sent agitating on the Kabaka's behalf and the responses Messel received. There are also photographs taken during a visit made by Oliver Messel and Vagn Riis-Hansen to Buganda for the signing of an accord between the British Governor and King Mutesa. The series also contains photographs of the Kabaka and the Nabakarena of Buganda and photographs of a dinner party held at Pelham Place with various Bugandan guests including Princess Elizabeth, the sister of the Kabaka.